Article 4 Directions and Restrictions on Permitted Development

Information about additional local planning controls on changes of use and other building work.

Article 4 Directions

Article 4 Directions remove the right to carry out certain types of 'permitted development'. If you want to do work that is covered by an Article 4 Direction you will first need to apply for planning permission. Within the city there are two main types of Article 4 Direction:

  • A city-wide Article 4 Direction restricting changes of use from a house to a 'House in Multiple Occupation'(HMO)
  • Directions restricting work to specific properties

Houses in Multiple Occupation

Article 4 Direction

The Article 4 Direction, which came into effect from 11 March 2012, means that it is necessary to obtain planning permission to convert a family dwelling (Use Class C3) to a HMO with between 3 and 6 unrelated people sharing (Use Class C4) anywhere within the Nottingham City Council area. Planning permission is already required for properties shared by 7 or more unrelated people.


There are also separate licensing requirements that apply to HMOs.

Licensing of Houses in Multiple Occupation

Article 4 Directions on Specific Properties

Article 4 Directions have also been put in place on a number of specific properties of particular character, mostly within conservation areas. These impose restrictions on minor building work, such as small extensions, outbuildings, and changes to windows and doors. The details of each direction vary, and you are advised to use our Minor Works Enquiry Service if you are thinking of doing work to a property within an area that is covered by an Article 4 Direction.

Other Restrictions on Permitted Development

Where planning permission is granted but we have a concern that work done in the future under 'permitted development' may give rise to problems, we may put a condition on the planning permission. Conditions of this kind state that planning permission needs to be obtained for the types of work specified. If your house was built in the 1980s or later, there is a possibility that the planning permission for the property may be subject to this kind of condition. Conditions are often imposed:

  • on properties with small gardens, to prevent extensions or outbuildings taking up too much of the open area around a property
  • to limit the conversion of integral garages, if there is concern that it would leave the property without adequate parking space
  • Where there is concern that a new window in a particular wall could affect the privacy of a neighbour, if put in without planning permission

Because these conditions may affect any property with a history of planning permissions, we strongly advise you to use our Minor Works Enquiry Service before doing any work. you can also check the recent planning history of your property online, by searching at www.nottinghamcity.gov.uk/planningapplications. Conditions are set out in the Decision Notice.

Click here for more information about our Minor Works Enquiry Service

Contact Us

Planning and Building Control LH Box 5 Loxley House Station Street Nottingham NG2 3NG United Kingdom Email: development.management@nottinghamcity.gov.uk
Tel: 0115 876 4447

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